The Martin-Luther-Universität (MLU) of today developed from two universities: one was founded in Wittenberg in 1502, and the other in Halle in 1694. Both universities went through a very eventful history with many ups and downs. Luther and Melanchthon taught in Wittenberg and made the town and its university the intellectual centre of the Reformation. In around 1700, the lawyer Christian Thomasius and philosopher Christian Wolff made Halle an important centre of the German Enlightenment. Then Napoleon abruptly closed the university in Wittenberg in 1813. As a result of territorial restructuring after the Napoleonic Wars, both universities were united in Halle in 1817.
Owing to its long history, the MLU developed alongside the City of Halle and has continued to spread across the whole of the inner city. Many institutions are therefore housed in old villas or historical buildings; additionally, many new university buildings have been built or completely restored. The numerous institutes and clinics now provide modern workplaces with state-of-the-art equipment.
MLU’s academic profile in the field of the humanities is shaped by the core research areas “Enlightenment – Religion – Knowledge” and “Society and Culture in Motion. Diffusion – Experiment – Institution”. The university’s core scientific research lies is in the field of “Materials Science – Nanostructured Materials” and “Biosciences – Structures and Mechanisms of Biological Information Processing”. Agricultural sciences also play a leading role and Halle’s university bears sole responsibility in Saxony-Anhalt for developing this academic profile. The Faculty of Medicine focuses on epidemiology, health and nursing research and research on signal transmission. Here nursing scientists conduct research on an equal footing with physicians. The Dorothea Erxleben Learning Centre is one of the largest educational institutions for prospective physicians and combines the SkillsLab, Simulation Centre, Student Learning Room, GP Practice and Library under the roof of the Univeritätsklinikum Halle. In addition to its main academic focuses, the university offers a range of minor subjects, some of which are only offered in Germany at the MLU.
Source: Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg